In the future, the Automatic External Defibrillator (AED) and the defibrillator will be able to do more than they do today. In time it will be possible, with the help of artificial intelligence, to say more about the condition of the resuscitated patient. Jos Thannhauser is affiliated with the Radboudumc and will received his PhD for his research on the use of AI in the AED and defibrillator. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) involves alternating chest compressions and ventilations. Thannhauser: “During these breaths, a ‘smart’ defibrillator can calculate the ideal moment for a shock: immediately or, on the contrary, continue chest compressions for longer?” Research into the effectiveness of such an algorithm on the outcome of a resuscitation is ongoing in Italy. “My dissertation shows which requirements such an algorithm must meet so that it can actually be applied in practice. For example, the electrodes of the defibrillator must always be stuck to the patient in the same way,” explains Thannhauser. The ultimate goal is to build these algorithms into AEDs and defibrillators.